Quick Answer: What Is The Difference Between Indictment And Arraignment?

What is the difference between an indictment and information?

A criminal information is similar to an indictment in that it serves as the document formally accusing the defendant of committing one or more crimes.

The main difference between the two is that a criminal information does not require a grand jury proceeding..

Why plead not guilty when you are?

By pleading not guilty, the criminal defendant buys time. This gives his or her defense lawyer the opportunity to review the case and to assert all possible defenses. The criminal defense lawyer may explain the defendant’s rights.

How long after the preliminary hearing is the trial?

Once discovery is complete and any plea offers have been rejected, the case will be listed for trial. In Philadelphia, a trial before a judge could take place in roughly three to six months after the preliminary hearing.

How do you know if you have been indicted?

Check County Court Records. The county courthouse should keep a listing of indictments going back several months. The list will have names, charges and a statement from the district attorney’s office certifying the indictment. There should be a file for each person listed, and those documents are public records as well …

How often do indictments come out?

Sets of indictments are made public usually a day or two after a grand jury meets. Check every week if necessary. Even if an indictment has not been returned, it does not mean court proceedings have paused.

What is the difference between being charged and being indicted?

The difference between being indicted and charged relies on who files the charges. “Being charged” with a crime means the prosecutor filed charges. An indictment means the grand jury filed charges against the defendant.

What do you do at an arraignment?

During the arraignment hearing the prosecutor or judge would read the charges to the defendant so he understood what he was being charged with and could, in response, decide if he needed to hire an attorney, gather up witnesses and other evidence or simply plead guilty.

Do I have to go to my arraignment?

You do not have to go to the arraignment, but you can go if you want. The court will not ask you to speak at the arraignment. The Assistant DA may ask you to speak at another hearing, later on.

Is an indictment serious?

An indictable offence is more serious. … A person charged with an indictable offence will be arrested where the police have reasonable grounds to believe that the person has committed an indictable offence or is about to commit an indictable offence. A person charged with an indictable offence must show up in court.

Is arraignment before or after indictment?

Arraignment — Within 10 days from the time an Indictment or Information has been filed and arrest has been made, an Arraignment must take place before a Magistrate Judge. During an Arraignment, the accused, now called the defendant, is read the charges against him or her and advised of his or her rights.

What happens at an indictment arraignment?

An arraignment is a court proceeding at which a criminal defendant is formally advised of the charges against him and is asked to enter a plea to the charges. In many states, the court may also decide at arraignment whether the defendant will be released pending trial.

Do I need a lawyer at my arraignment?

The arraignment is the first time a defendant appears in criminal court, and you do have the right to have your attorney present at an arraignment.

What happens if you get indicted?

When a person is indicted, he is given formal notice that it is believed that he committed a crime. … The grand jury listens to the prosecutor and witnesses, and then votes in secret on whether they believe that enough evidence exists to charge the person with a crime.

What happens after a federal indictment?

The US Attorney’s Office prepares the document and presents it to the court. Once an indictment is filed with the court, the criminal case can proceed. By Federal law, once an indictment is filed and the defendant is aware of it, the case must proceed to trial within 70 days.