- What does 3 stripes on a pilot mean?
- Why do the military say Niner?
- Why do pilots say copy?
- Why do pilots say Roger?
- What does Niner Niner mean?
- How do fighter jet pilots pee?
- Why do pilots say Mayday?
- What does Niner mean in aviation?
- Why do pilots say heavy?
- What do pilots do while flying?
- Can pilots read while flying?
- What do pilots say before landing?
- What does squawk 7777 mean?
- How do pilots know when to descend?
What does 3 stripes on a pilot mean?
Epaulets and Stripes Depending on the airline, two, three or four stripes are shown on a pilots’ shoulders.
A flight engineer or second officer wears two stripes, a first officer wears three stripes on their pilot uniform and a captain normally wears four..
Why do the military say Niner?
“Niner” is how 9 is said as part of a phonetic alphabet. This is similar to how one might say “Bravo” for B. “Niner” was chosen especially for Civil Aviation as to help differentiate it from the German “Nein,” meaning “No”. Some of the other numbers are actually supposed to be pronounced slightly differently.
Why do pilots say copy?
Copy is used to mean “I heard that as well” when a message between two stations includes information that has some sort of importance to another station. For example, Boat A tells Boat B that there’s debris in the water and gives GPS coordinates. Boat B responds “Roger.” Boat C breaks in and responds “Copy that.”
Why do pilots say Roger?
Before voice communication, pilots used morse code and instead of tapping out that a message was “received” they used shorthand and just tapped out “r” (short long short). … But just saying “r” could lead to communication errors. So they took “Roger” from the U.S. phonetic alphabet.
What does Niner Niner mean?
“Nine” in English sounds like “Nein” (no) in German. … NEIN = NO in German. And NEIN sounds wayyy to similar to NINE. So NINER is used to avoid the confusion with NEIN.
How do fighter jet pilots pee?
Peeing into a tube doesn’t work for everyone for some obvious physical reasons, so today’s fighter pilots urinate into “piddle packs,” plastic packs that convert urine into a gel for disposal, but the method involves partially undressing while sitting strapped in a tiny cockpit and flying a multimillion-dollar jet.
Why do pilots say Mayday?
Mayday got its start as an international distress call in 1923. It was made official in 1948. It was the idea of Frederick Mockford, who was a senior radio officer at Croydon Airport in London. He came up with the idea for “mayday” because it sounded like the French word m’aider, which means “help me.”
What does Niner mean in aviation?
“Tree,” “fife” and “niner” Aviators often speak “pilot English” to avoid miscommunications over radio transmission. “Tree” for instance, means three, “fife” is the number five and “niner” means nine, says Tom Zecha, a manager at AOPA.
Why do pilots say heavy?
In the United States, the term heavy is used during radio transmissions between air traffic control and any aircraft which has been assigned a maximum takeoff weight (MTOW) rating of 136 tonnes (300,000 lb) or more. All aircraft produce wingtip vortices that create wake turbulence in flight. …
What do pilots do while flying?
Pilots keep flight deck lights up, and engage in conversation to help keep alert. … If there are additional pilots, then there is a rest break (though on a flight like JFK – LHR, there might not be as the flight time is normally less than 8 hours). If there is not an additional pilot, then there are no rest breaks.
Can pilots read while flying?
Pilots are permitted to read newspapers during the flight in the cockpit. That’s because newspapers contain many short articles and the pilot won’t be distracted for a long period of time.
What do pilots say before landing?
Before, or during the descent, the Captain will usually make an announcement with local time and temperature at the destination airport, and time left until arrival. It is followed by an announcement from the flight attendant. … “Cabin crew, please take your seats for landing.”
What does squawk 7777 mean?
§ 7777: § military interception (US) (“Under no circumstances should a pilot of a civil aircraft operate the transponder on Code 7777. This code is reserved for military interceptor operations.”) § non-discrete code used by fixed test transponders (RABMs) to check correctness of radar stations (BITE).
How do pilots know when to descend?
Question: How do pilots know when to descend to land on the assigned runway at the correct speed? Answer: Pilots plan the descent based on the wind and air traffic flow. Working in partnership with air traffic control, the descent is executed allowing adequate distance to descend and line up with the proper runway.